Many designers and furniture companies ask how they can protect their furniture and other designs from being copied. This is a worry of designers and creators everywhere.
You can protect your furniture designs by making sure those you show them have a contract to view them and not copy them; also, make sure the designs are all dated and documented to show they are your original designs.
A utility or design patent is a way to legally protect your designs and one of the most time-consuming and expensive ways to protect your designs and work.
You only need to walk the halls of a furniture trade show like the High Point Furniture Market In High Point, North Carolina to see how difficult it is for a company or designer to protect their designs from being copied. There can be so many “similar”looking designs and sometimes even products shown in the same hallway that are outright copies.
Design Protection Options Explained
The truth is it can be tough to protect your furniture designs. Especially if someone is going to take your design and then change it or use the inspiration for their own design. This can be much harder for you to control or prove.
This is because it is actually very little in the furniture design world that is actual “creations.” Many designs are “inspirations” in that someone will see something they like as an old antique or a competitor’s product, and they will use that as a basis for their design.
This happens a lot in the home decor and home furnishing industry. That is why when you walk the halls of a show like the High Point Furniture Market, there can be designs, shapes, colors, and finishes that seem to all be similar.
If you are an independent designer or a small company, it can be challenging for you to prove that a larger company or your competitor “stole” your design. And the truth is proving all this will be not only costly but also very time-consuming.
Document Your Work
One of the things you can do is make sure that your designs, work, and other things are organized and documented. Here are things that you can do to ensure this and help protect your designs:
- Date Designs With Dates – Make sure designs are date stamped or have a way to show an digital or electronic date. This can help you if you have to legally show that it is rightfully your designs.
- Noncompete Contracts – If you give your designs to a company to look at or to view, make sure you sign some kind of contact or noncompete agreement with them that states they can not use your work without premission . Keep this agreement in a safe place.
- Organize designs – Have all your designs organized and easy to find. This is of course just good business and design sense; make sure you have everything organized incase you need to prove this is your design. If you sent the design to someone keep the dated corrspondence where you can easily find it and prove they had your designs and at what date or time it was sent to them.
Proving that someone copied you can be hard to prove unless they copy you 100% or used the same design you gave them. If they changed the design, color, shape, and look, it can become complicated and harder to prove.
As a designer, creator, or company, you need to decide if waging this kind of fight against someone using your design is worth your time and effort. Sometimes, the best way to handle this is to talk to the person or company who offended you and see if you can get an agreement from them,
Other times you can get a lawyer to send them a “cease and desist letter” along with the evidence to back up your claim. I have found that most companies in our industry do not want to have the reputation of being someone who copies or cheats.
All Kind of Patents
When most people think about protecting their designs, they think about getting a legal patent on the design. There are two basic patents that people look at to protect their design 1) a utility patent, and 2) a design patent.
Even though they can seem to be similar, they are actually some differences between these patents. Not every design will fall under the qualifications and requirements to obtain either of these patents.
When many people think about protecting their furniture designs, they think about a patent. One of those kinds of patents is a utility patent. A utility patent is defined as:
You might read that and think, wow, that sounds great. I’m gonna go out today, and I’m going to file a utility patent on all my designs. But like most things, it is not as easy as it sounds or seems.
Here are few things to remember about a utility patent
- For a utility patent you must show the design is new, improved and useful product, process or machine for the inventor to get exclusive rights. The key to all this is to really show that it is your design and that it will meet all the criteria for a ulility patent.
- Utility patents are valuable assets because they will give the holder exclusive rights to produce the product. If you plan to sell your product to a large company they will usually consider a utility patent as an asset.
- Utility patents are difficult to obtain; It can take over 3 years to obtain one. As the process is complicated you will need a patent attorney or an agent to help you through the very compllicated process of getting a utility patent.
- A ultility patent in the United States is issued by the U.S Patent and Trademark Office and can last for up to 20 years. A ulitility patent also has maintenance fees associated with it.
- Ulility patents are expensive to obtain. The filing costs (not including all the other miscealleous costs) can be anywhere from a 1,000 to 10,000s dollars. So the process to get a utility patent is very expensive.
- A ultility patent will help protect your design from others copying it. But if they use your design as inspiration and do not copy it exactly it can be harder to prove. And in any case you will need to go through some kind of legal process to stop this kind of action by another party.
The reality is that a designer or company must outweigh whether or not their furniture design warrants a utility patent. One, is it really new, or is it a design similar to other designs that may not even be allowed under a utility patent? Two, is the utility patent worth all the time that it will require to get the patent? And, three, is it worth the expense as a utility patent will be expensive to obtain?
If you can honestly answer “yes” to all these questions, then it may be worth the time and expense to get the patent. But the truth is that most furniture designs would not warrant getting a utility patent unless it is unique and is a design or creation that makes it worth this expense, effort, and time.
Another type of patent you can obtain is called a design patent. A design patent is similar but not the same as a utility patent. Here is the definition of a design patent:
Like a utility patent, a design patent is not always very easy to obtain or get. Here are a few things to remember about a design patent:
- In the United States if a designs has a very similar look to another design that has a design patent it cannot have a design patent.
- Patent protection does not always automatically go to another country; the protection will depend on the laws of that country
- A design patent filing will cost you less than a ultilties patent; the total cost can be 1,000 to 3,000 USD depending on the situatin and how complex the design is (this amount is not including legal or other fees).
- A design patent will usually be granted for about 14 to 15 years.
- A design patent will safeguard how a design looks.
Neither a design patent nor a utility patent is very easy to obtain. They are both extremely costly and will take a lot of time to file and maintain.
If either of your patents is violated, there will be costs for you to defend the rights to your patents via the legal system. So unless you have a design that you really believe in or one that you feel warrants this kind of cost and attention it is probably best that you do not go the route of trying to get a legal patent on your furniture design.
Instead one of the best things I believe most designers can do is to continue to design. Come up with the next best design as then it will be hard for people to keep up with you and your success.
The best furniture designers are trailblazers who always have their eyes and mind on creating the next great trendy design. The truth is that furniture designs and trends can change very quickly so what is in demand today can become obsolete tomorrow.
If you are interested in finding out more about how Mondoro can help you create, develop, and manufacture great home decor and home furniture products, don’t hesitate to contact me, Anita. Check out my email by clicking here or become a part of our community and join our newsletter by clicking here.
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