When you are involved in the global supply chain, it is good to understand some of the different procurement terms used.
Direct and indirect procurement as two aspects of the procurement process. Direct procurement is something that a company needs to purchase to help them manufacture goods that they sell to their customers. An indirect procurement is a purchase of goods and services that are not essential for manufacturing but as important for the company’s operations.
Procurement – Direct Procurement Vs. Indirect Procurement
Procurement to many may seem simple – you purchase all the supplies an organization needs to function daily. When procurement is done correctly, it is a pretty complicated and complex process.
Procurement is about the needs that an organization has. But more than just purchasing a product or buying materials, procurement in the supply chain also involves invoice processing, vendor relationships, payment processing, quality control, and shipping.
Essentially procurement has everything to do with ensuring you get the right products or materials at the price, quality, and quantity that an organization needs to continue its business operations.
An important aspect of procurement is understanding the differences between direct and indirect procurement and how each fits into the procurement process.
What Is Direct Procurement?
Direct procurement is acquiring products, supplies, goods, and even services that a company or organization needs for its core business activities. Direct procurement is what you need to buy to service your customers.
As Investopedia explains about direct procurement:
Direct procurement is about purchasing goods and services that directly affect a company’s ability to produce goods or give a service to its clients. It is a core aspect of the business operation.
Some examples of direct procurement would include:
- A manufacturer buys lumber to process the wood into furniture.
- Manufacturers purchase raw materials to produce resin products.
- A mattress manufacturer buys the raw materials needed to make foam mattresses.
- A ceramic producer buys the clay raw materials to make their ceramics.
- New machinery to help your produce a product quicker than before.
- A sofa manufacturer buys fabric to make a sofa or chair for a customer.
Direct procurement is everything that a company will purchase to supply a finished product to its customers. It is all the essential things a company needs to be able to service and provide their customers.
Direct procurement usually has something to do with manufacturing or buying supplies to help serve a client. For example, a construction company may purchase wood flooring to install a new floor for a client, or a painter may purchase paint to paint a house for a customer; all of these would also be direct procurement.
What Is Indirect Procurement?
Indirect procurement is also about products and services that support a company or organization, but purchasing these goods and services does not have an essential role in the business operations,
Indirect procurement can be something like office supplies, stationery, or even Christmas decorations for the office. These products and services are not essential for the company’s operations but help ensure the company functions properly.
Indirect procurement plays a supporting role in the organization or company and does not have an essential role as direct procurement. A company needs the raw materials to manufacture the goods but can do without any Christmas decorations if money is tight or business is challenging.
Investopedia defines indirect procurement as:
Some examples of indirect procurement purchases would include:
- Computer equipment such as laptops or personal computers.
- Computer programs for the company operations.
- Employee development tools such as a book or even course.
- Office decorations and supplies.
- A company buys office furniture.
- A company invests in a marketing campaign.
Indirect procurement can be as important as direct procurement as it can affect a company’s operations. But if money is tight or business is slow, most companies will start to cut or slow down on indirect procurement instead of direct procurement expenses.
Suppose an employee’s computer system is still working but not the most up-to-date version. In that case, most companies will postpone computer purchasing as they will not consider it as essential as ordering direct procurement goods as raw materials and supplies to continue to produce their products and services for their clients.
Anyone in the global supply chain should understand the difference between what is considered a direct vs. an indirect procurement. It can help you know what and how to budget for your monetary needs.
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